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Dental Care Tips on Handling Cracked or Broken Teeth

June 7th,2018

Enamel that covers our teeth is the hardest tissue of our human body. Though it is very tough, it is also prone to weaken or break. Few actions we embark or certain unexpected things like accident, injuring in the mouth break a tooth or teeth leaving an unattractive smile.

Besides dental injury, highly acidic foods we consume weaken the enamel and lead to break or crack a tooth while biting a hard substance or eatables like hard candy, ice creams, etc. Likewise, tooth caries also plays a dominant role in weakening our teeth and lead to tooth splitting or break.

A broken tooth does not cause much pain. It depends on the severity of the injury. If the trauma is deep and make blood vessels, inner nerves to expose, the sufferer will feel extreme discomfort levels because the interior parts are exposed to air, temperature changes (hit hot and cold drinks).

In this post, our Dental health specialists have explained some self-care tips and dental treatments available to preserve the broken or lost tooth.

Types of Cracked teeth

Cracked tooth refers to a crack occurred in a tooth but does not broke or lose much part of the tooth. It is classified as follows:

Broken cusp
– When a minor part of the tooth’s chewing surface is slightly broken, it is termed as the fractured or broken cusp. It does not cause much pain.

Cracked tooth
– It is the condition when the crack develops and goes interior to reach the root. It causes much pain and eventually leads to the tooth loss.

Minor cracks
– It is commonly seen in adults. Such kind of minor cracks or craze lines causes a small crack in the tooth’s outer surface called enamel. It does not cause any pain. If you observe a pain in a tooth with craze lines, visit your dentist.

Split tooth
– When a crack in a tooth is left untreated, it develops to beak the tooth into separate segments. In this case, the tooth roots are highly prone to damage. If the tooth root is infected by the crack, it is hard to preserve or restore the tooth.

Vertical breaks
– This is also known as “Vertical root fracture” or “Split roots”. It begins in the tooth root and develops forward to reach the chewing surface. This kind of infection is observed by inflammation in the region around the infected root. Such inflammation indicates the gum and tooth bone gets infected.

Types of Broken Tooth

Besides small chip or cracks, the teeth have higher chances of getting broken by an accident or dental injury. It is classified as:

Broken Tooth
– When a part of your teeth is knocked out and disclose the root, nerves, blood vessels present inside the tooth.

Tooth Avulsion
– When a tooth is completely knocked out, it comes under the category of tooth avulsion or dental avulsion. It causes much bleeding. It is better to visit a dental specialist immediately if the bleeding does not stop after 30 minutes.

How do we need to handle the broken teeth before visiting a dentist?

It is possible to restore or fix the knocked out tooth with the modern dental treatments. You need to do certain things to preserve the tooth prior to book a dental appointment.

• When a tooth is completely pulled out from the mouth, rinse it with a warm water. Remember that use the chewing surface of the tooth to rinse. Don’t touch or scrap the root surfaces as it will dirt the root and restricts us from fix back the tooth.

• If the tooth is completely broken or knocked out from the mouth, collect the fragments and keep them hydrated because cementing the broken pieces is also possible nowadays. Keep the pieces or tooth in a container of milk. If you do not get milk, use water or saliva to place the tooth.

• If there is a bleeding followed by avulsed tooth, place a gauze or tissue in the bleeding region and gently press to stop bleeding.

Dental Treatments to repair a cracked or broken tooth

A Dentist determines the appropriate dental treatment after examining the X-ray of the infected area and the severity of the issue.

• Minor chips in a tooth rarely require treatment. Dentists polish and smooth the sharp surfaces caused by chipping.

• Cracked tooth requires quite expensive dental treatments. As it may infect the root of the tooth, Root Canal Therapy is required. If the pulp and nerves do not get infected, dental filling alone will be enough.

• Split tooth requires a crown to restore the shape and normal functioning of the tooth. It will be possible only if the root is not infected or damaged.

• As the broken cusp affects only the chewing surfaces or tip of the tooth, it can be easily treated with onlays or crowns.

• When the crack or break is caused by tooth decay, caries may infect most of the tooth’s interior parts. It is hard to restore such kind of broken tooth induced by decay.

With the advanced dentistry technologies, it is easy to reinsert an avulsed tooth or join a broken tooth. All you need to do is to preserve the broken parts or tooth efficiently and not let them dry until you visit a Dentist.

Conclusion

Any injury occurred in our body parts can heal itself but not an injury to the teeth. We need a Dental advice or guidelines to get rid of various side effects caused by a dental trauma including cracked or broken tooth.

Remember that cracked or broken teeth do not cause much pain unless the damage is deep or severe. Hence we recommend you to show the cracked tooth to your dentist immediately to get temporary or permanent solutions to prevent the tooth.

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